One in three people feel they have been unfairly treated or harassed, according to a survey into experiences of and attitudes towards discrimination, published by the Equality Commission of Northern Ireland.
The recently launched report ‘Do You Mean Me?’ reveals that the figure of those affected has doubled, from 16% to 33%, since 2008.
The report also found that there has been a hardening in negative attitudes, linked to levels of social contact towards people from different backgrounds including race, disability and sexual orientation over the last six years.
The Equality Commission’s Chief Commissioner, Michael Wardlow, said: “The study provides a valuable insight into our society, how we connect with others and who we are as people.
“The key question is “Do you Mean Me?” and this is double-edged. It is not just have I experienced discrimination because of who I am, but do I have negative attitudes towards others just because of who they are? Where the answer to the second question is yes, then we each need to address what makes us think like this and challenge our own beliefs and stereotypes.
“The survey has also highlighted that 30% of the respondents feel that some forms of prejudice are acceptable and equivalent surveys in other parts of UK have shown similar results. This continues to be a worrying insight into the population’s psyche and proves that much work remains to be done to break down barriers in our mindsets to create a fairer and more equal society for everyone in Northern Ireland.”
More than half of respondents (55%) would mind having a Traveller as an in-law, an increase of 17 percentage points from 2005, with similar responses to them as neighbours.
Negative attitudes towards people with a disability have also increased, most notably towards those experiencing mental ill-health. Between 2008 and 2011 these have risen by nine, eight and 12 percentage points towards individuals as a work colleague (from 17%) a neighbour (16%), and marrying a close relative (from 25%). Negative attitudes towards a person with a physical disability as a work colleague rose by seven percentage points to 15%.
Over a quarter of people (27%) reported they would mind a gay, lesbian or bisexual person living next door, compared to 14% in 2005, with 42% unhappy about them becoming an in-law, a rise of 13 percentage points over the last six years.
Around a third of people (35%) would mind a transgender person as a work colleague, rising to 40% as a neighbour and 53% as an in-law. This was the first time a major survey in Northern Ireland has considered attitudes towards this group.
Mr Wardlow continued that: “This is our third survey into attitudes to and experiences of discrimination so we have now a unique insight into both the challenges and opportunities for positive change that they present to all of us in Northern Ireland.
“We want to build on the clear expressions of confidence and trust in the Commission from all sections of the community and on the overwhelming support (91%) for equality law here.
“This survey will certainly inform and drive our work going forward and part of this will be to continue to work collaboratively with leaders from across business, politics and the community.”