In these days of Christian holidays and the election of a new pope, the Mexican population shows much attachment to the Catholic dogmas and truths. His practice religious sacraments, liturgies and demonstrations of faith meets certain minimum without necessarily being scrupulous. In contrast, there is less commitment to behave according to moral rules established by the doctrine of this religion, as concluded in the last national telephone survey BGC-Excelsior.
The existence of God is fully accepted by 84% (Figure 1) of Mexicans, regardless of their religious beliefs. Major dogmas and truths of faith of the Catholic Church are fully believed by a majority of the population with telephone in her home, which is considered essentially this religion (80%).
In particular, strongly believes in the existence of the Holy Spirit (78%), in the resurrection of Christ (75%), in miracles (69%) and the virginity of Mary giving birth to Jesus (69%) .
Something least appear accredited belief in hell (fully believe, 50%), life after death (58%) and the heavenly paradise (59%). A truth of faith defining Mexican Catholic religiosity as is the Virgin of Guadalupe is fully accepted by 71%.
Catholic religious practice, reflected in receiving sacraments, attending liturgies or prayer tends to be relevant, but not necessarily strict. Within sacraments of initiation, almost without exception Catholics say they have been baptized, confirmed and have made their first communion. In turn, eight out of ten married civilly also did the Church. The liturgical considered minimal as attend the temple quite often present. A third of Catholics say go to the temple at least once a week (Figure 2) and a quarter of it for two or three times a month. Just over half (55%) (Figure 3) pray daily said.
Some rituals and obligations Catholic festivities are followed by significant sections of the believers of that faith. For example, five out of ten Lent always recognized at that time take ash when applicable (Figure 4) and abstain from eating meat on waking. However, attending a Via Crucis procession or Easter Vigil Mass is rather exceptional. Only about half of Catholics (46%) (Figure 5) considers the Easter as a time of penance and approach to their faith, while one third is time for vacation or break.
It has fewer Mexicans confluence with the provisions in matters of Catholic Christian morality and the functioning of the Church itself. Rarely expressed a broad consensus in some field and most common is divided. On the subject of life as dependent domain only of God's will, although there under rejection of abortion (74%) (Figure 6), we tend to approve euthanasia (in favor, 54%) and population splits halves to comment on the death penalty.
Precepts of Catholic morality on sexuality and marriage are far from winning broad social support. For example, the use of contraceptives are well supported by the people (for, 89%). Also, the possibility of sex before marriage split position (in favor, 49% against, 42%). The indissolubility of marriage does not attract many followers, as most are against the prohibition of divorce (61%), although there are matches to prevent a person can marry more than once by the Church (65%) . On gay marriage, while 52% oppose, 41% agree. Also the rules on priestly faced divergent positions among the population. Half welcomed the possibility of women priests (48%), with 40% against. In turn, while 51% rejected the priests could marry, a significant 41% approve such an eventuality.
The Pope is not seen as an infallible to establish positions of the Church in matters of faith and morals. Most Catholics believe that the Pontiff may make mistakes (89%)
Ulises Beltran and Alejandro Cruz