Around 52% of the 33,000 Catalans infected with HIV maintain a high viral load because they are unaware that they are infected, because they have not gone to the health system, or because they do not follow the indicated anti-retroviral treatment, representing that more than 16,000 people can continue to spread the virus easily, according to data from the report Sives 2012 of the Ministry of health of the Generalitat presented this Monday.
Despite this, the number of new infections is stable, between 600 and 700 a year, in a context in which Yes has changed the profile of the new infections, since the number of drug addicts and every time has been reduced take on more importance homosexuals - 39% of new infections - and immigrant - up to 46%-.
Experts estimate between 30,000 and 36,000 people infected by HIV in Catalonia, a figure that in 2017 will be placed between the 31.700 and the 37,700, and although the improvement of treatments has succeeded in reducing mortality, the life expectancy of these patients remains 14 years lower than the average.
The Secretary of health public of the Ministry of health of the Generalitat, Antoni Mateu, has highlighted that Catalonia has been the first community of Spain presented the so-called "cascade of services", a model proposed by international agencies to monitor the access to diagnosis and treatment of HIV.
In this way, and based on the offered data, estimated that among the infected 33,000 25% is not diagnosed and 42% are diagnosed too late, so that health policymakers have called to maintain preventive policies and influence especially in the most exposed groups.
The director of the Center for epidemiological studies of AIDS in Catalonia (Ceeiscat), Jordi Casabona, explained that the rate of new diagnoses of HIV in Catalonia is located in the 8.5 cases per 100,000 people, when the average in Europe are the 7.2, and reiterated that the only way of transmission which increases is among the Group of men who practice sex with men.
Casabona has also highlighted that immigrants do not get by their status as immigrants, but are a faithful reflection of the rest of contagion of the society, since they reach Catalonia without being infected and is in his new place of residence where they acquire the virus.
"NOT SO GOOD FIGURES"
Director of the Ceeiscat has assumed, however, that the numbers of sexually transmitted infections "are not as good as the HIV", since has been detected a rise of diseases such as syphilis, herpes, gonococcus and chlamydia, particularly among young people.
Casabona has confined him to an improvement in detection and screening tests, as the case of chlamydia, as well as a "change of habits", with an onset of sexual intercourse is each time at a younger age - 12% before the age of 15-, biggest changes partner to reach a stable company and a relaxation in the use of condoms.
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