"' I don't want to make my first time for abuse, so we ask that we educate and ministries programs reach more remote sites". Cinthya is 13 years old and lives in Sosote, in the canton Rocafuerte, Manabi, where it says that many of her friends of her age were sexually assaulted.
This teenager participated in the presentation of the study of cultural patterns in education for sexuality of children and adolescents in Guayas, Santa Elena, Bolivar and Manabí, made by Plan International, last August.
The results of this investigation revealed that 30% of the adolescents of the coast thinks will be her first sexual intercourse through violence and sexual abuse. Magdalena Mayorga, responsible for the study, explained that some 500 people, including girls, children, teens, teachers, parents, mothers, provincial and national educational authorities of seven cantons, in this initiative involved.
Mayorga said that only 21% of the population recognizes the relationship between an adult and a minor offence, and 53% sees it acceptable "If the man wants to marry".
Susana Guijarro, Coordinator of the program of sexuality of the Ministry of public health, said this research corroborates data boasts of the Ministry. Adding a fact: during the past 10 years pregnancy in adolescent girls under 15 years of age increased by 75%.
Faced with this reality runs the plan of prevention of pregnancy in adolescence and the family planning strategy. There are technicians who support teens in every public medical clinic (first rate). Pebble said that the training to physicians, nurses and psychologists was made since 2007."We have 250 services specially created for teenagers in the country".
Efraín Soria, director of Fundación Ecuatoriana equity, explained that as the machismo cultural patterns cause young people to live their sexuality "clandestinely". The study also revealed that 40% of adolescent males feel "fear and desperation", its first because you are forced to do so in brothels and unprotected in these four provinces on the coast.
Soria, also emphasized his concern for the spread of HIV-AIDS, due to lack of information. María Dávila, Member of Unesco, stressed the need for the Ministry of education is the teachers about sexuality in schools. This coincides Cecibel Ochoa, of the Provincial direction of education of Bolívar. "Teachers need to enable us to break taboos."
The study revealed that 44% of teachers surveyed believes that transmission of HIV-AIDS is a product of relations "rampant sexual degeneration and homosexuality". While that 54% of teenagers, men and women, it is considered that men acquire only since "walk with prostitutes".